Inconsistencies have been found in Shell’s claims about sabotage contributing to oil spills in the Niger Delta. © Amnesty International

Shell faces payouts in Nigerian oil spill case

The first judgment in what lawyers have said could be one of the world’s largest ever environmental trials has ruled that Shell may have to compensate some communities for oil spills from their pipelines caused by criminals in the heavily polluted Niger delta.

The ruling at London’s high court, following interpretations of Nigerian law by two retired Nigerian judges, may limit damages that Shell is expected to have to pay Niger delta villages devastated by two massive oil spills in 2008 and 2009, according to the company.

The case, which will be heard next May in London and is expected to last three months, centres on the rusting 55-year-old trans-Niger pipeline which passes through villages, fields and swamps in Ogoniland on its way to an oil terminal at Bonny.

In November 2008 it ruptured twice in a few days near the fishing village of Bodo, spilling thousands of gallons of oil, polluting fishing grounds, and destroying livelihoods. Estimates of how much oil was spilled range from a few thousand to over 250,000 barrels.

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On Sept 19, 2023 ahead of the Climate Ambition Summit in New York City, climate activists gathered for a rally and civil disobedience outside Bank of America Tower in Midtown Manhattan as part of the March to End Fossil Fuels wave of actions resulting in multiple arrests. Activists demand Bank of America to “Defund Climate Chaos and Defend Human Rights” Photo: Erik McGregor (CC BY-NC 2.0 Deed)

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Illustration by Stephanie McMillan. Used with permission